Wednesday, January 28, 2009

International Year of Natural Fibres

I'm really thrilled that this year 2009 is international year of natural fibers , as I'm a natural fiber junkie, its a great way to promote fibers.

The main objective are;
Raise awareness and stimulate demand for natural fibres;
Promote the efficiency and sustainability of the natural fibres industries;
Encourage appropriate policy responses from governments to the problems faced by natural fibre industries;
Foster an effective and enduring international partnership among the various natural fibres industries. I have a list of plant and natural fibers

Plant fibres;

Plant fibres include seed hairs, such as cotton; stem (or bast) fibres, such as flax and hemp; leaf fibres, such as sisal; and husk fibres, such as coconut.

Animal fibres;
Animal fibres include wool, hair and secretions, such as silk.

Once a favoured source of rope, abaca shows promise as an energy-saving replacement for glass fibres in automobiles
Coir -

A coarse, short fibre extracted from the outer shell of coconuts, coir is found in ropes, mattresses, brushes, geotextiles and automobile seats
Cotton -

Pure cellulose, cotton is the world's most widely used natural fibre and still the undisputed "king" of the global textiles industry
Flax -

One of nature's strongest vegetable fibres, flax was also one of the first to be harvested, spun and woven into textiles
Hemp -

Recent advances in the "cottonization" of hemp fibre could open the door to the high quality clothing market

- The strong threads made from jute fibre are used worldwide in sackcloth - and help sustain the livelihoods of millions of small farmers
Ramie -

Ramie fibre is white, with a silky lustre, and is one of the strongest natural fibres, similar to flax in absorbency and density

- Too coarse for clothing and upholstery, sisal is replacing asbestos and fibreglass in many composite materials
Alpaca -

Alpaca is used to make high-end luxury fabrics, with world production estimated at around 5 000 tonnes a year
Angora -

The silky white wool of the Angora rabbit is very fine and soft, and used in high quality knitwear
Camel -

The best fibre is found on the two-humped Bactrian camels of Inner Mongolia and Mongolia, and baby camel hair is the finest and softest
Cashmere -

Cashmere is exceptionally soft to the touch owing to the structure of its fibres and has great insulation properties without being bulky
Mohair -

White, very fine and silky, mohair is noted for its softness, brightness and receptiveness to rich dyes
Silk -

Developed in ancient China, where its use was reserved for royalty, silk remains the "queen of fabrics"

- Limited supply and exceptional characteristics have made wool the world's premier textile fibre

1 comment:

  1. Oh, that picture made me want to stroke it! Part of me envies you living in London (the rest of me remembers that I don't really like living in cities) because of the possibilities for craft shopping, surprisingly rare in rural West Wales :)

    (Swap-bot blog swap.)